Warm Season Perennials

Species Selection and Development:  Grasses:  Warm-season Perennial
Table 2.    Seeding rates, soil texture, estimated seed cost, estimated dry matter (DM) production, possible livestock disorders, and regions adapted to Texas of warm-season annual grasses.
Warm-Season Perennial Grasses Seeding Rate lbs PLS/A Soil Texture1 Estimated Seed Cost $/A Estimated DM Production/A Remarks: Possible Disorders2 Regions Adapted3
Native
Big Bluestem

Big Bluestem

6.0 s.l. or c.l. 72 4000-6000 N 1-6
Little Bluestem

Little Bluestem

3.5 s.l. or c.l. 40 2500-3000 N 3-9
Eastern Gamagrass

Eastern Gamagrass

10.0 loam 80 6000-8000 N 1-8
Indiangrass

Indiangrass

4.5 s.l. or c.l. 45 4000-5000 N 1-6
Sideoats Grama

Sideoats Grama

4.5 s.l. or c.l. 65 2500-3000 N 3-9
Switchgrass

Switchgrass

2.0 s.l. or c.l. 16 5000-8000 N 1-8
Introduced
Bahiagrass

Bahiagrass

20 s.l. 20 3000-6000 1 1-3
Buffelgrass

Buffelgrass

3.5 hulled
12.0 unhulled
s.l. or c.l. 70 5000-8000 N 6-7
Bermudagrass seeds

Bermudagrass seeds

6-8 s.l. 30-40 5000-8000 1 1-8
Bermudagrass sprigs

Bermudagrass sprigs

15-20 bu/A s.l. 40-80 6000-12000 1 1-7
Dallisgrass

Dallisgrass

15 c.l. 25 3000-6000 1 1-4
Johnsongrass

Johnsongrass

25 s.l or c.l. 30 5000-8000 2,3,4 1-9
Kleingrass

Kleingrass

2.0 s.l or c.l. 12 4000-8000 5 3-8
Lovegrass

Lovegrass

2.0 s.l. 15 3500-8000 N 5-9
Old World Bluestem

Old World Bluestem

2.0 l. or c.l 30 4000-8000 N 3-8
1 c.l.=clay loam; s.l.=sandy loam
2 1= ergot poisoning or staggers; 2= prussiac acid poisoning; 3= nitrate NO 3 accumulation; 4= interstitial cystitis;  5= photosensitization;       6= fescue toxicosis; and 7= grass tetany
3 1=Pineywoods; 2=Gulf Prairies; 3=Post Oak Savannah; 4=Blackland Prairies; 5=Cross Timber and Prairies;
6=South & Texas Plains; 7=Edwards Plateau; 8=Rolling Plains; 9=High Plains; and 10=Trans-Pecos

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