Warm Season Legumes

Species Selection and Development:  Legumes: Warm-season
Table 5. Seeding rates, soil texture, estimated seed cost, estimated dry matter (DM) production, possible livestock disorders, and regions adapted to Texas of warm-season annual grasses.
Seeding Rate lbs PLS/A Soil Texture1 Estimated Seed Cost $/A Estimated DM Production/A Remarks: Possible Disorders 2 Regions Adapted 3
Annual
Cowpea

Cowpea

40-45 s.l. 20-25 2500-5000 More drought tolerant N 1-7
Lablab

Lablab

20-25 s.l. or c.l. 45-55 2000-6000 N 1-7
Lespedeza (annual) 25-30 s.l. 25-30 1000-3000 N 1.3
Peanut (annual) 50-60 s.l. 50-60 2000-4000 N 1-9
Soybeans

Soybeans

50-60 Loam 30-35 3000-6000 Requires high fertility N 1-4
Perennial
Bundleflower

Bundleflower

8 s.l. or c.l. 60 2500-5000 N 1-7
Kudzu

Kudzu

N/A s.l. N/A 5000 Only adapted to extreme east TX N 1
Lespedeza 25 s.l. 40 4000-6000 Only adapted to extreme east TX N 1
Rhizoma Peanut (perennial)

Rhizoma Peanut (perennial)

 

80 bu/A s.l. Not available 1500-4000 Vegetatively propagated N 1-7
1 c.l.=clay loam; s.l.=sandy loam
2 1= ergot poisoning or staggers; 2= prussic acid poisoning; 3= nitrate NO3 accumulation; 4= interstitial cystitis; 5= photosensitization; 6= fescue toxicosis; and 7= grass tetany
3 1=Pineywoods; 2=Gulf Prairies; 3=Post Oak Savannah; 4=Blackland Prairies; 5=Cross Timber and Prairies;
6=South Texas Plains; 7=Edwards Plateau; 8=Rolling Plains; 9=High Plains; and 10=Trans-Pecos

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