Cool season Legumes

Species Selection and Development:  Legumes: Cool-season
Table 4. Recommended seeding rates; soil and plant attributes of cool-season legumes adapted to Texas.
Cool-season Legumes
Seeding rate lbs PLS/A
Estimated Seed Cost $/A
Soil1
Hard seed (reseeding
Cold Tolerance
Bloat Potential
Flowering Date
Texture
pH
Drainage Requirement
Clover

Arrowleaf

8-10
12-18
s.l.
5.8-7.0
Good
High
Good
V. Low
Early June

Ball

2-4
14-24
s.l. or c.l.
>6.0
Fair
High
Good
High
Early May

Berseem

12-15
15-20
c.l.
6.5-8.0
Poor
Low
Poor
V. Low
Mid May

Crimson

15-20
10-15
s.l.
6.0-7.0
Good
Low
Medium
Medium
Early April

Persian

6-8
12-16
c.l.
6.0-8.0
Poor
Medium
Fair
High
Early May

Red

10-12
20-25
c.l.
6.0-8.0
Good
Low
Good
Low
Early June

Rose

15-20
40-45
s.l. or c.l.
5.8-8.0
Good
High
Good
Low
Late April

Subterranean

15-18
15-20
s.l. or c.l.
6.0-7.3
Fair
Medium
Fair
Medium
Mid April

White

3-4
8-10
c.l.
6.0-7.5
Poor
High
Good
High
April
Medics

Alfalfa

15-20
50-70
Loam
>6.50
Good
Low
Good
V. High

Barrel

8-10
15-20
c.l.
>6.5
Good
High
Poor
High
Early April

Black

10-12
15-20
c.l.
>6.5
Good
High
Good
High
Late April

Button

10-12
15-20
c.l.
>6.5
Good
High
Fair
High
Mid April

Bur

8-10
15-20
c.l.
>6.5
Good
High
Fair
High
Early April
Peas

Austrian Winter

35-40
15-20
s.l. or c.l.
5.8-7.0
Good
Low
Good
Low
Early May

Caley

40-45
20-30
s.l. or c.l.
5.5-8.0
Fair
High
Good
Low
Late May
Sweetclover

White or Yellow Sweetclover

12-15
15-30
c.l.
6.5-8.0
Good
Medium
Good
Low
June
Vetch

Common Vetch

30-40
15-20
s.l. or c.l.
5.0-8.0
Good
Medium
Fair
Low
Late April

Hairy Vetch

20-25
20-25
s.l. or c.l.
5.0-8.0
Fair
Medium
Good
Low
Late April
1 c.l.=clay loam; s.l.=sandy loam

 

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