Oats

Species: Oats (Avena sativa L.)
Cultivars: ‘Dallas’ (best cold tolerant), ‘TAM 606’,
‘Harrison’, ‘Horizon 314’
Origin: Europe
Use: Gazing, hay, grain.
Description:
General:Life Span: 2-4 feet tall, bunchgrass.
Membranous ligule, auricles absent.
Leaves wider than other small grains.
Annual
Adaptation:
pH:
Soil:
Rainfall:
Temperature:
5.5-7.5
Sandy-loam, clay-loam.
25-65 inches.
10-23º F (minimum). Compared to other small grains they lack cold tolerance.
Management:
Seeding Rate:
Planting Date:Planting Depth:
Seed Cost:
Season of Use:
Production:
90-100 lb PLS/A
September-October (Early planting will allow 2 clippings: one in mid Dec and a second in mid March)
1.00 inch
$10-12/A
November-December, February-April
4000-6000 lb/A
Notes:
  • Oats are generally more productive than other small grains in the fall, however it lacks cold tolerance and may winter kill in some years.
  • Since oats do not require vernalization (cold temperature requirement to switch from vegetative reproductive phase) they can be planted in the spring to obtain grain crop.
  • Fertilizer recommendation: After soil test. Usually apply N after oats are up (2-3 leaf stage) 60-80 lb N/ton of forage. Apply your phosphorus down with the seed.

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