Cool season Annuals & Perennials

Species Selection and Development:  Grasses: Cool-season Annual & Perennial

Table 3.    Seeding rates, soil texture, estimated seed cost, estimated dry matter (DM) production, possible livestock disorders, and regions adapted to Texas of warm-season annual grasses.

Seeding Rate lbs PLS/A Soil Texture1 Estimated Seed Cost $/A Estimated DM Production/A Remarks: Possible Disorders2 Regions Adapted3
Cool-Season Annual Grasses
Barley 90-120 s.l. or c.l. 10-15 4000-6000 Tolerate alkaline soils 3,7 9
Oats

90-120 s.l. or c.l. 10-15 4000-6000 Least cold tolerant 3,7 1-9
Rye

90-120 s.l. 10-15 4000-6000 Most cold tolerant 3,7 1-9
Wheat

90-120 s.l. or c.l. 8-12 4000-6000 3,7 1-9
Triticale

90-120 s.l. or c.l. 10-15 4000-7000 3,7 1-9
Annual Brome

25 s.l. or c.l. 25 2500-5000 3,7 4-9
Annual Ryegrass

25-30 s.l. or c.l. 12 3000-7000 Tolerates wetter soils 1,3,7 1-5
Cool-season Perennial Grasses
Tall Fescue

25 c.l. 30 2500-6000 Tolerates wet acid soils 6 1,2,3
Tall Wheatgrass

15 s.l. or c.l. 25 3000-6000 Tolerates alkaline soils N 8,9
Matua bromegrass

24-30 s.l. orc.l.  50-60 3000-5000 Cold tolerant
 Rescue Grass

 20-25  s.l. orc.l. 20-25  3000-4000 Responds to increased fertility
 Canada Wildrye

Not available Loam 1000-2500  Low bloat potential
 Texas Bluegrass

 Not available  1000-2500  Difficult to mechanically harvest
 Texas Wintergrass

Not available s.l. orc.l. 1000-2000 Fair for grazing cattle and wildlife
Virginia Wildrye

Not available Loam 1000-2000 Provides seed and forage for birds and small mammals
1 c.l.=clay loam; s.l.=sandy loam
2 1=ergot poisoning or staggers; 2=prussic acid poisoning; 3=nitrate NO3 accumulation; 4=interstitial cystitis; 5=photosensitization; 6=fescue toxicosis; and 7=grass tetany
3 1=Pineywoods; 2=Gulf Prairies; 3=Post Oak Savannah; 4=Blackland Prairies; 5=Cross Timber and Prairies;
6=South & Texas Plains; 7=Edwards Plateau; 8=Rolling Plains; 9=High Plains; and 10=Trans-Pecos

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